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APA Documentation Style: The Basics

The Basics of APA Style

Book

Author’s Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Title of chapter or essay if applicable. Title of book. Publication location: Publisher.

Article, print version

Author’s Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year or date of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Vol.#, page number(s).

Article, electronic version, with DOI (digital object identifier)

Author’s Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year or date of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Vol.#, page number(s) if applicable. doi:##.####/##.####

Article, electronic version, without DOI

Author’s Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year or date of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Vol.#, page number(s) if applicable. Retrieved from URL

Internet citation

Author’s Last name, First Initial. Middle initial. (date of posting). Title of Web page.  [Type of internet source] Retrieved date, from Responsible Entity: URL

In-Text Citations

Parenthetical documentation directs the reader to the specific sources of information that you are referencing in the body of your paper. These listings must direct the reader to a particular work listed on your “References” page. In most cases the author’s last name and the year of publication, in parentheses, are enough to identify the source you used. If you need to cite a specific part of the source, include the page number.

Example: A recent study of global inflation (Rogoff, 1998) showed that…

Example: During the 1980s global inflation remained steady at around 15 percent (Rogoff, 1998, p.49).

If you are already referring to the author’s name in the text of your paper, then you need only cite the publication year, and if applicable, the specific page number, in parentheses.

Example: In a recent study, Rogoff (1998) found that…

For more information and examples, see the section beginning on p.174-9 and Table 6.1 on p. 177 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., Ref. 808.02 Pu960a6.

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