OC logo

Library

Skip to main content

MLA (7th edition) Documentation Style: The Basics

7th edition

MLA Style Template

The basic components of an MLA citation are:

Book

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Chapter or Essay if Applicable.” Title

        of Book. Publication Location: Publisher, Year. Print.

Article, print version

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical. Vol#.Iss#

        (Year or date of publication): page number(s). Print.

Article, electronic version

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical. Vol#.Iss#

        (Year or date of publication): page number(s). Database Name. Web. Date

        of access.

Internet citation

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Web Page.” Web Site Title (only if distinct

        from title of web page). Publisher or sponsor of the site. Date of

        posting. Web. Date of access.

 

New Rules in 2009, 7th edition:

  • Titles of books and journals are now italicized instead of underlined. 
  • If a date is not available for an electronic format, write n.d. for no date; if a publisher is not named on a Web site, write n.p. for no publisher; if a page number is not given for online journal or database articles, write n.pag. for no pagination.
  • Each citation must declare the format, such as Print, Web, DVD, Videocassette, Television, etc.
  •  URLs are not required.  However, you are welcome to provide the URL if the citation information may not help the reader easily find the source on their own. Your instructor may also require you to provide URLs. 

In-Text Citations

Parenthetical documentation directs the reader to the specific sources of information that you are referencing in the body of your paper. These listings must direct the reader to a particular work listed on your “Works Cited” page. In most cases the author’s last name and a specific page number, in parentheses, are enough to identify the source you used and its location within that source. If the item has a corporate author, treat the corporate entity as the author.

Example: During the 1980s global inflation remained steady at around 15 percent (Rogoff 49).

If you are already referring to the author’s name in the text of your paper, then you need only cite the specific page number in parentheses.

Example: According to Rogoff, “global inflation averaged 15 percent in the 1980s” (49).