OC logo


Skip to main content

MLA (7th edition) Documentation Style: Electronic Sources

7th edition


New! ► If a date is not available for an electronic format, write n.d. for no date; if a publisher is not named on a Web site, write n.p. for no publisher; if a page number is not given for online journal or database articles, write n.pag. for no pagination.

New! ► URLs are not required. However, you are welcome to provide the URL if the citation information may not help the reader easily find the source on their own. Your instructor may also require you to provide URLs.

Online periodical article from a database (i.e. ProQuest) with page numbers

Weyandt, Lisa, et al. “The Internal Restlessness Scale: Performance of College

        Students With and Without ADHD.” Journal of Learning Disabilities. 36.3

        (2003): 382-89. ProQuest. Web. 20 Jan. 2004.

Online periodical article without page numbers

Khan, Adnan. “Imprisoned in the Past.” Maclean’s 121.47 (2008): n.pag. Academic

        Search Premier. Web. 21 Apr. 2009.

Online periodical article from a Web site

Dickey, Christopher. “Garbage In, Garbage Out.” Newsweek.com. Newsweek, 20

        Feb. 2004. Web. 23 Feb. 2004.

Document from a Web site, with author(s) and date of publication

Head, Alison and Michael Eisenberg. “Finding Context: What Today’s College

        Students Say about Conducting Research in the Digital Age.” ProjectInfoLit.

        Project Information Literacy, Feb. 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2009.

Document from a Web site, unknown author, no date

“What Parents Should Know About Information Literacy.” LibraryInstruction.com.

        LibraryInstruction.com. n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2009.

Entire Web site, unknown author

Information Literacy. Information Literacy Portal, University of Idaho, 2009. Web.

        21 Apr. 2009.

Government publication

United States. Dept. of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Capital Punishment,

        2005. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Dec. 2006. Web. 20 Feb. 2007.


Doe, John J. “Re: Photography.” Message to the author. 23 Jan. 2004. E-mail.

Online posting (discussion group, listserv, etc.)

Abbess, Jo. “What Ahmadinejad actually said, well translated.” Media Lens

        Message Board. Media Lens, 21 Apr. 2009. Web. 21 April 2009.

Blog entry

Jerz, Dennis G. "Citing a Weblog in MLA Style." Jerz's Literacy Weblog. Seton

        Hill University, 11 Dec 2003. Web. 01 Mar. 2004.

Wiki entry

“Cashew.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Apr. 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2009.