Copying of copyrighted materials for student learning and research use without written permission may occur in the following instances:
Single copying for instructors
Single copies may be made of any of the following by or for professors at their individual request for scholarly research or use in teaching or preparation to teach a class:
Multiple copies for student learning use
Multiple copies (not to exceed more than one copy per student in a course) may be made by or for the instructor teaching the course for student learning use or discussion; provided that the following three criteria are met:
Brevity: Either a complete article, story or essay of less than 2,500 words, (usually varies 3-8 pages depending on size of page and type) or an excerpt from any prose work of not more than 1,000 words or 10 percent of the work, whichever is greater.
Spontaneity: The copying is at the instance and inspiration of the individual teacher, and the inspiration and decision to use the work. The moment of its use for maximum teaching effectiveness are so close in time that it would be unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a request for permission.
Cumulative effect: Copying of the material is for only one course in the school in which the copies are made.
Permission from copyright holders is often needed when creating course materials, research papers, and web sites. You need to obtain permission when you use a work in a way that infringes on the exclusive rights granted to a copyright holder (i.e. outside the boundaries of fair use).
Steps that need to be followed to obtain permission to use copyrighted material:
For more information, including what to include in a request to obtain permission, visit the Copyright Clearance Center's Obtaining Permission page.
Computer software is tangible material and can be copyrighted. The Doctrine of Fair Use applies to computer software.
Permissible uses of copyrighted software owned by or licensed to the College or its faculty:
Prohibited uses of copyrighted software:
Faculty can request the library to place books on reserve via the Reserves Request Form. Items may also be submitted at the Circulation Desk on the 1st floor of the Library. Read our Services for Faculty page for more information.
Print Reserves (Traditional):
Electronic Reserves (eReserves):
Review the Common Scenarios page for more guidelines on the fair use and course reserves.