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MLA (9th edition) Documentation Style

Examples: Print & Video Sources


Book with one author

Smith, Noel W.  An Analysis of Ice Age Art: Its Psychology and Belief System.  Peter

Lang Publishing, 1992.


Book with two or three authors

Donohoe, Tom, and Neil Johnson.  Foul Play: Drug Abuse in Sports. Blackwell

Publishing, 1987.

** Note: if there are three or more authors, list the first author that appears, followed by “et al.”


Essay, story, or poem in a collection

Weissman, James. “World Health Has Worsened.” The Health Crisis:  Opposing

Viewpoints, edited by Barbara Szumski, Greenhaven P, 1989, pp. 17-26.


Reference/Encyclopedia article

Modlin, Richard F. “Fisheries.” Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues. Revised ed.,

edited by Craig W. Allen, vol. 2, Salem P, 2011.


Newspaper article

Callimachi, Rukmini. “Bi-Mart Offers Employee Buyout.” The Seattle Times, 19 Feb.

2004, p. E3.


Magazine article

Alter, Charlotte. “What Do Women Want?” Time, vol. 188, no. 5, 1 Aug. 2016, pp. 42-45.


Journal article

Rogoff, Kenneth. “Globalization and Global Disinflation.” Economic Review, vol. 88,

no. 4, 2003, pp. 45-79.


Government publication

United States, Congressional Budget Office. The Economic and Budget Outlook: Fiscal

Years 1999-2008. Government Printing Office, 1998.


Television or radio program

“The Great Inca Rebellion.” NOVA, narrated by Jay O. Sanders. PBS, 17 Mar. 2009.


DVD / Videocassette

Smoke Signals.  Directed by Chris Eyre, performance by Adam Beach, Miramax, 2005.


MLA Handbooks

For complete instructions and examples, refer to the handbooks below in print in OC Libraries, or use the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)  online MLA guide.