Stop before you forward (or use): Before using a source for an assignment, or even sharing a link, we need to engage in a moment or two of investigation.
Suspect the sensational: When something is sensational- be skeptical.
Go to the source: When you read or hear about a research study or quote, follow up by checking into the actual study or quote source. Verify the information is correct and in context.
Triangulate: Try to verify the information in multiple sources (you can even try traditional media and library databases).
Understand exactly what you are dealing with: Identify the nature of your source.
Investigate who is responsible for the information: You can look at a profile or bio, and check the “About” and “Mission” pages of a website. However, even MORE importantly, go search for other reliable sources discussing the organization, authors, etc.
Scrutinize graphics: Not all photographs (or videos) or infographics tell the truth.
Check your own biases: We all have a perspective, based on our experiences and beliefs.
Updated from Valenza, Joyce. “Truth, Truthiness, Triangulation: A News Literacy Toolkit for a ‘Post-Truth’ World.” School Library Journal. 26 Nov. 2016,