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This guide is created specifically for students in OC's Physical Therapy Assistant Program.

Peer Reviewed Journals

Description and Purpose

Many scholarly journals use a process of peer review prior to publishing an article, whereby other scholars in the author's field or specialty critically assess a draft of the article. Peer-reviewed journals (also called refereed journals) are scholarly journals that only publish articles that have passed through this review process. The review process helps ensure that the published articles reflect solid scholarship in their fields. Check out this site to see the exacting standards required to submit an article to the Physical Therapy Journal!

Peer-Reviewed Journals versus Scholarly Journals

Scholarly journals contain articles written by, and addressed to, experts in a discipline. They are concerned with academic study, especially research, and demonstrate the methods and concerns of scholars. The main purpose of a scholarly journal is to report original research or experimentation and to communicate this information to the rest of the scholarly world. The language of scholarly journals reflects the discipline covered, as it assumes some knowledge or background on the part of the reader. Scholarly journals always rigorously cite their sources in the form of footnotes or bibliographies. Many scholarly journals are published by professional organizations.

While not all scholarly journals go through the peer-review process, it is usually safe to assume that a peer-reviewed journal is also scholarly.

Characteristics of Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Peer reviewed articles will often have the following characteristics: biographical information about the author(s) including their professional affiliations, extensive bibliography, footnotes, or endnotes; technical jargon specific to the field; abstract, methodology, data, conclusions, etc. as distinct parts of the article.

Finding Peer-Reviewed Journals and Journal Articles

There is no comprehensive source for identifying all peer-reviewed journals. To help determine if a particular journal is peer-reviewed, refer to the journal itself (either to an individual issue of the journal or to the publisher's web site).

However, some online databases to which the Library subscribes have begun to flag the peer-reviewed journals so they can be searched in the database. Use the "Selected Databases" tab to find a list of databases that allow you to limit your search to peer reviewed journals.


Adaped from CalPoly Robert E. Kennedy Library, Finding Peer-reviewed or Refereed Journals. Viewed 10/2/2009: http://lib.calpoly.edu/research/guides/peer.html

Types of Periodicals


Source: Research Minutes: How to Identify Scholarly Journal Articles. Olin Library. Cornell University. 28 Feb. 2008 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uDGJ2CYfY9A